• 2019.9.21
  • Comments Off on Difference between -しか(shika) and -だけ(dake)

Difference between -しか(shika) and -だけ(dake)

―しか(shika):

This is used with negative word such as “nai” or “arimasen”. It implies that the speaker’s feeling of not having enough.

Examples:

30 pun shika nai.
30 pun shika arimasen.
(There is only 30 minutes, sadly.)

―だけ(dake):

This word is used in affirmative sentences. This word implies that the speaker has a little more positive feeling even though it is not much.

Examples:

30 pun dake aru.
30 pun dake arimasu.
(There is 30 minutes even though it is not much.)

Also, -だけ can be followed by “ga” or “wa”, (subject marker or topic marker).

Examples:

Watashi dakega shitteimasu. (Only I know it.)
Nihongo dakewa benkyou shimasu. (I study Japanese at least.)

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