• 2020.7.14
  • Comments Off on Wikipediaで英語のリーディング(Covid-19)3

Wikipediaで英語のリーディング(Covid-19)3

Wikipediaで英語のリーディング(Covid-19)1
Wikipediaで英語のリーディング(Covid-19)2
の続きです。

Ethnic differences
In the US, a greater proportion of deaths due to COVID-19 have occurred among African Americans. Structural factors that prevent African Americans from practicing social distancing include their concentration in crowded substandard housing and in “essential” occupations such as public transit and health care. Greater prevalence of lacking health insurance and care and of underlying conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease also increase their risk of death. Similar issues affect Native American and Latino communities. According to a US health policy non-profit, 34% of American Indian and Alaska Native People (AIAN) non-elderly adults are at risk of serious illness compared to 21% of white non-elderly adults. The source attributes it to disproportionately high rates of many health conditions that may put them at higher risk as well as living conditions like lack of access to clean water. Leaders have called for efforts to research and address the disparities.
In the U.K., a greater proportion of deaths due to COVID-19 have occurred in those of a Black, Asian, and other ethnic minority background. Several factors such as poverty, poor nutrition and living in overcrowded properties, may have caused this.[citation needed]

【語彙】
proportion:割合、比率
due to:~のため、~の結果
Structural factors:構造要因
substandard:標準以下の
public transit:公共輸送機関
prevalence of:広がっていること、普及、流行
underlying :underlieの現在分詞形、横たわっている、潜んでいる
conditions:状況、状態
hypertension:高血圧症
Latino community:[ラティーノ・コミュニティ]ラテンアメリカ系のコミュニティ
US health policy non-profit:健康政策のための非営利団体
non-elderly adults:65歳未満の成人
attribute:~が原因だと考える
disproportionately high rates:極端に高い割合
called for efforts:努力を必要とする
address:処理する、対処する
disparities:disparityの複数形、不均衡
overcrowded:過密な

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